By Terry M. Mays
In 1981 the association of African team spirit (OAU) mandated and fielded the 1st neighborhood peacekeeping operation because the Arab League's venture in Kuwait twenty years prior. Battalion-sized contingents from Nigeria, Senegal, and Zaire have been joined via smaller observer contingents from different OAU individuals which will supply a buffer region among the 2 major factions within the Chadian civil war.
Mays opens his research by means of delivering an outline of the concept that of peacekeeping. a number of definitions are provided to assist distinguish among a few of the sorts of peace operations. After studying the concept that hegemon, he appears to be like on the methods neighborhood and subregional hegemons make the most of peacekeeping operations as overseas coverage instruments as they guard their pursuits. Mays argues that Nigeria, as a West African hegemon, served because the relocating strength in the back of the mandating and fielding of the OAU peacekeeping undertaking in Chad. instead of being in basic terms humanitarian in nature, Nigeria's motivation integrated the removing of French and later Libyan infantrymen from a vulnerable country on its border. even though, Nigeria couldn't practice the duty by myself. France and the U.S. have been instrumental in addition within the mandating and fielding approach. French and American pursuits stemmed from obstacle over Libyan causes in Chad. Nigeria saved the trouble to mandate the peacekeeping operation alive for 2 years; France proved to be the stimulus in the back of persuading the Chadian govt to simply accept the deployment of OAU peacekeepers and prompting the Senegalese to give a contribution a battalion to the challenge; the USA contributed through maintaining France and Nigeria excited about a peacekeeping answer and supporting convince Zaire to hitch the venture.
Mays deals the 1st finished exam of the OAU peacekeeping project and reports the political and army association of the strength in addition to its deployment, redeployment plans, logistics, and operations among the Chadian factions. using an intensive choice of assets, together with interviews with contributors, diplomats, and govt records, he provdies an in depth exam of each meeting/conference among 1979 and 1981 that mentioned a peacekeeping alternative for Chad. elements of good fortune in conventional peacekeeping operations are utilized to the OAU undertaking, and he concludes by way of reviewing the influence of the 1981-1982 OAU operation on present African peacekeeping developments. a useful research for students, scholars, and different researchers concerned with peacekeeping, diplomacy, and African studies.
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Additional info for Africa's First Peacekeeping Operation: The OAU in Chad, 1981-1982
Africa's First Peacekeeping Operation: The OAU in Chad, 1981-1982 by Terry M. Mays